間(あいだ)
while; during; between
間に(あいだに)
while/during~ something happened
あまり~ない
not very, not much~
conditional form; If [A] then [B]
場合は(ばあいは)[1]
in the event of; in the case that
場合は(ばあいは)[2]
in the event of; in the case that
ばかり
only; nothing but~
だけで [1]
just by; just by doing
だけで [2]
just by; just by doing
出す(だす)[1]
to begin to; to start to; to burst into; ... out (e.g. to jump out, to carry out)​
出す(だす)[2]
to begin to; to start to; to burst into; ... out (e.g. to jump out, to carry out)​
でございます
to be (honorific である)
でも
... or something; how about~
ではないか
right?; isn't it?
がする [1]
to smell; hear; taste
がする [2]
to smell; hear; taste
がる・がっている
to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think
がり
someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to~
ございます [1]
to be, to exist (the polite form of ある)
ございます [2]
to be, to exist (the polite form of ある)
始める(はじめる)[1]
to start; to begin to~
始める(はじめる)[2]
to start; to begin to~
はずだ
it must be; it should be (expectation)
はずがない
cannot be (impossible)
意向形 (いこうけい)[1]
volitional form​; let's do~
意向形 (いこうけい)[2]
volitional form​; let's do~
いらっしゃる
to be; to come; to go (polite version) (the polite sonkeigo form of いる)
いたします [1]
to do (polite form of する)
いたします [2]
to do (polite form of する)
じゃないか [1]
right? isn't it? let's~; confirmation
じゃないか [2]
right? isn't it? let's~; confirmation
かどうか [1]
whether or not~
かどうか [2]
whether or not~
かしら
I wonder~
かしら
I wonder~
かい
turns a sentence into a yes/no question
かもしれない [1]
might; perhaps; indicates possibility
かもしれない [2]
might; perhaps; indicates possibility
かもしれない [3]
might; perhaps; indicates possibility
かな
I wonder; should I?
きっと [1]
surely; undoubtedly; almost certainly; most likely
きっと [2]
surely; undoubtedly; almost certainly; most likely
こと
Verb nominalizer
ことがある [1]
to have things to do; there are times when ~; sometimes do ~
ことがある [2]
to have things to do; there are times when ~; sometimes do ~
ことができる
can; able to
ことになる [1]
It has been decided that..; it turns out that.. kototonaru (more formal/strict)
ことになる [2]
It has been decided that..; it turns out that.. kototonaru (more formal/strict)
くする
to make something ~
にする
to make something ~
急に(きゅうに)
quickly; immediately; hastily; suddenly; abruptly; unexpectedly~
までに
by; by the time; indicates time limit
まま [1]
as it is; current state; without changing~
まま [2]
as it is; current state; without changing~
または
both; or; otherwise​; choice between [A] or [B]
みたいだ
like, similar to, resembling
みたいな
like, similar to~ (used with nouns)
みたいに [1]
like; similar to~ (used with verbs / adjective)
みたいに [2]
like; similar to~ (used with verbs / adjective)
as many as; as much as; up to; nearly~
な [1]
don’t ~ (order somebody to not do something)
な [2]
don’t ~ (order somebody to not do something)
など [1]
such as, things like~
など [2]
such as, things like~
ながら
while; during; as; simultaneously
なかなか~ない
not easy to; struggling to; not able to~
なかなか
very; considerably; easily; readily; fairly; quite; highly; rather
なければいけない [1]
must do something; have to do something
なければならない [2]
must do something; have to do something
なら
if; in the case that~
なさい
do this (soft/firm command)
なさる
to do (honorific)
にみえる [1]
to look; to seem; to appear
にみえる [2]
to look; to seem; to appear
にくい
difficult to do~
のに [1]
although, in spite of, even though~
のに [2]
to (do something); in order to~
のは〜だ
[A] is [B]; the reason for [A] is [B]
お~ください [1]
please do (honorific)
お~ください [2]
please do (honorific)
お~になる
to do (honorific)
おきに [1]
repeated at intervals, every~
おきに [2]
repeated at intervals, every~
おる
Humble いる
終わる(おわる)
to finish; to end~
られる
potential form; ability or inability to do something
らしい [1]
it seems like; I heard; apparently~
らしい [2]
it seems like; I heard; apparently~
-ness​ ; nominalizer for adjective
さっき [1]
some time ago; just now
さっき [2]
some time ago; just now
させる [1]
causative form; to make/let somebody do something
させる [2]
causative form; to make/let somebody do something
させる [3]
causative form; to make/let somebody do something
させられる
causative-passive; to be made to do something
さすが [1]
as one would expect; as is to be expected; even~
さすが [2]
as one would expect; as is to be expected; even~
and; and what’s more; emphasis~
しか~ない [1]
only, nothing but
しか~ない [2]
only, nothing but
そんなに
so much; so; like that
それでも
but still; and yet; even so~
それに
besides; in addition; also; moreover~
そうだ [1]
I heard that; it is said that~
そうだ [2]
I heard that; it is said that~
そうだ [3]
looks like; appears like; seeming~
なさそうだ
looks like; appears like; seeming ~ negative form NASASOU: <br>For negatives put connected word into negative form, replace い with さ
そうに・そうな
seems like; looks like~
たばかり
just finished; something just occurred
たところ
just finished doing, was just doing
他動詞・自動詞
Transitive & Intransitive Verbs
たがる
wants to do~ (third person)
たら [1]
if; after; when~
たら [2]
if; after; when~
たらどう
why don't you (used to give advice)
たらいいですか・ばいいですか [1]
what should I do?; speaker seeking instructions from listener
たらいいですか・ばいいですか [2]
what should I do?; speaker seeking instructions from listener
て・で[1]
conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]...
て・で[2]
conjunctive particle; so; because of [A], [B]...
てあげる
to do for; to do a favor
てほしい
I want you to; need you to~
ていく
to start; to continue; to go on
ていた
was doing something (past continuous)
てくれる
to do a favor; do something for someone
てくる [1]
to do… and come back; to become; to continue; to start~
てくる [2]
to do… and come back; to become; to continue; to start~
てみる [1]
try doing
てみる [2]
try doing
てもらう [1]
to get somebody to do something
てもらう [2]
to get somebody to do something
てもらう [3]
to get somebody to do something
ておく [1]
to do something in advance
ておく [2]
to do something in advance
てしまう / ちゃう
to do something by accident, to finish completely
てすみません
I’m sorry for
てやる [1]
to do for; to do a favor (casual) (casual form of てあげる) also used roughly "give or do to an inferior".
てやる [2]
to do for; to do a favor (casual) (casual form of てあげる) also used roughly "give or do to an inferior".
てよかった
I’m glad that..
ているところ
in the process of doing
ても・でも
even; even if; even though~
whenever [A] happens, [B] also happens
と言ってもいい(といってもいい)
you could say; one might say; I'd say~
という [1]
called; named; that~
という [2]
called; named; that~
と思う(とおもう)[1]
to think…; I think…; you think…
と思う(とおもう)[2]
to think…; I think…; you think…
とか~とか
among other things; such as; like~
ところ
just about to; on the verge of doing something
続ける(つづける)
continue to; keen on~
って [1]
named; called~; casual quoting particle
って [2]
named; called~; casual quoting particle
受身形(うけみけい)[1]
passive form; passive voice
受身形(うけみけい)[2]
passive form; passive voice
受身形(うけみけい)[3]
passive form; passive voice
は〜が… は
[A] but [B]; however; comparison
やすい
easy to; likely to; prone to; have a tendency to~
やっと [1]
at last; finally; barely; narrowly~
やっと [2]
at last; finally; barely; narrowly~
より
than; rather than; more than~
予定だ(よていだ)
plan to, intend to
ようだ [1]
appears; seems; looks as if~
ようだ [2]
appears; seems; looks as if~
ように・ような [1]
like; as; similar to~
ように・ような [2]
like; as; similar to~
ように・ような [3]
like; as; similar to~
ようになる [1]
to reach the point that; to come to be that; to turn into~
ようになる [2]
to reach the point that; to come to be that; to turn into~
ようにする
to try to; to make sure that~
ようと思う(ようとおもう)
thinking of doing; planning to~
ぜひ
by all means; certainly; definitely~
ぜんぜん
wholly; entirely; completely; totally <br> (neg. context, e.g. 全然反対) extremely; very <br>(pos. context, e.g. 全然いいよ)
づらい
difficult to do~